Psychological Assessment and Treatment of Children and Adolescents

Asperger’s Disorder & High Functioning Autism

Asperger’s Disorder & High Functioning Autism

An estimated 1 in 500 children have Asperger’s Disorder. While it is classified as an autism spectrum disorder, it differs in that these children have an IQ within the normal range and there is no clinically significant delay in language. Asperger’s is characterized by qualitative impairments in Social Interaction, Communication and Restrictive Interests. Specifically, these children fail to develop friendships appropriate for their developmental level and demonstrate unusual nonverbal communication, such as poor eye contact and use of few facial expressions. Although their speech is fluent, they often engage in one-sided and long-winded conversations or speak unusually fast or in a monotone voice. Furthermore, they develop restricted interests in one or two areas and prefer routine and consistency. These children also tend to experience sensory related difficulties and are clumsy or have poor coordination.

Helpful Websites

ASPEN: Asperger’s Syndrome Education Network
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Autism Speaks
University of Southern California: Autism & Asperger’s Syndrome
OASIS: Online Asperger’s Syndrome Information & Support

Books for Parents & Caregivers

A Parent’s Guide to Asperger Syndrome & High-Functioning Autism 
By Sally Ozonof, Geraldine Dawson and James McPartland


Asperger Syndrome
By Ami Klin, Fred R. Volkmar, Sara S. Sparrow


Books for Children & Teens

The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time
By Mark Haddon

Asperger’s…What Does it Mean to Me?
By Catherine Faherty


Autism Spectrum Disorders (National Institute of Mental Health)
Pervasive Developmental Disorders (National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities)